How Many Bush Beans per Square Foot?

Find out the ideal bean seed spacing in a square foot garden and the recommended distance for planting bush beans in rows to achieve a bountiful harvest.

Sean Stratton | Updated March 8, 2023
bean bush in a graden

Important read: How to Choose Fertilizer for Crepe Myrtles

How Many Bush Beans per Square Foot?

Plant 6-9 bush bean seeds per square foot in a garden bed for successful germination. This spacing ensures adequate room for the plants to grow and develop properly and provides enough light, air, and nutrients for the beans to mature and reach their full size. If the plants are densely planted in the soil, they compete for nutrients to grow.

On the other hand, if the plants are far from each other, it’s a waste of garden space. So, you will achieve the best results when you ensure proper plant spacing.

You can also check the packaging of the bean seeds for spacing instructions. Or you can follow a general rule approved by many gardeners, which is to plant the seeds 4 inches (10.16 cm) apart. You will get nine bush bean seeds per sq. ft. using this method.

Space Needed for a Bush Bean Plant

Generally, you need to plant your bush bean seeds about one and a half inches deep, and you should keep them three inches apart. If you have decided to plant your beans in rows, you should keep the rows 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) apart. This will give them enough space to thrive without competing hard for sunlight and nutrients.

Planting Bush Beans Close Together

You can plant bush beans close together at two to three inches apart. Bush bean plants do not require a lot of space.

This has some benefits as well. As they grow like bushes, they can support each other if they are planted, maintaining the ideal distance.

However, if you want to take precautions about seed germination, you can put two beans in each planting hole. This will increase the chances of successful seed germination. If both seeds germinate, you can keep the healthy one in its place and remove the weak one.

Planting Bush Beans in a Row

For a successful bush bean harvest, you must choose the right soil type first. Bush beans prefer soils that are rich in organic materials. Using bean inoculants will improve the soil quality and increase the chance of a better harvest. Plus, you need to ensure proper drainage. For best results, you need to make sure they get full sun.

After the soil is prepared, plant the seeds about one and a half inches deep, and you should keep them three inches apart. If you are planting your beans in rows, you should keep the rows 18 to 24 inches apart.

You can put two seeds in one planting hole to get a better germination rate. If both seeds germinate, you can keep the healthy one. Finally, you can plant new seeds after every two weeks so that you can enjoy continuous bush bean harvest throughout the season.

Here is a basic guide:

Frequently Asked Questions

How Close Can You Plant Bush Beans in a Raised Bed?

Plant bush beans 4 inches apart in rows spaced 18 to 24 inches apart in your raised bed.

How Far Apart Should Rows of Bush Beans Be Planted?

If you are planting bush beans in rows, you should keep the rows 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) apart. If the rows are too close, the plants will have to compete for nutrients in a confined area.
And some plants will also hinder sunlight from reaching other plants; as a result, the overall growth of some plants will be hampered. On the contrary, keeping the plants too far apart is nothing but a waste of space. So, you should follow the ideal distance to get the best results.

How Wide Should a Row Be for Bush Beans?

The rows for bush beans should have enough space so bean plants can easily spread their roots and grow. However, the rows should not be too wide since these plants don’t have a thick stem and grow like a bush.

Final Thoughts

Growing bush beans in a square foot garden is a great way to practice this gardening method. If you are trying square foot gardening for the first time, it’s normal to get confused about how many seeds you need or how much space you need to give every plant, etc. In this article, we have cleared these things for you.

So, what are you waiting for? Get ready to plant some bush beans in your backyard!

Written by Sean Stratton

Sean Stratton

Hi, I'm Sean, the senior editor here at Fertilizer Pick. I grew up on a farm in North Carolina and have grown fruits, vegetables, and trees since childhood. While I no longer live on a farm today, I still enjoy spending time on my garden and sharing my knowledge with friends and fellow garden enthusiasts.